This post is part of the #HIMSS15 Blog Carnival which explores “The Future of…” across 5 different healthcare IT topics.
Security is on the top of mind of most healthcare boards. I think the instruction from these boards to CIOs is simple: Keep Us Out of the News!
That’s an order that’s much easier said than done. If Google and Anthem can’t stay out of the news because of a breach, then a hospital or doctor’s office is fighting an uphill battle. Still don’t believe me, check out this visualization of internet attacks. It’s pretty scary stuff.
The reality is that you don’t really win a security battle. You can just defend against attacks as well as possible with the limited resources you have available. What is clear is that while still limited, healthcare will be investing more resources in security and privacy than they’ve ever done before.
The future of effective security in healthcare is going to be organizations who bake security into everything they do. Instead of hiring a chief security officer that worries about and advocates for security, we need a culture of security in healthcare organizations. This starts at the top where the leader is always asking about how we’re addressing security. That leadership will then trickle down into the culture of a company.
Let’s also be clear that security doesn’t have to be at odds with innovation and technology. In fact, technology can take our approach to security and privacy to the next level. Tell me how you knew who read the chart in a paper chart world? Oh yes, that sign out sheet that people always forgot to sign. Oh wait, the fingerprints on the chart were checked. It’s almost ludicrous to think about. Let’s be real. In the paper chart world we put in processes to try to avoid the wrong people getting their hands on the chart, but we really had no idea who saw it. The opposite is true in an EHR world. We know exactly who saw what and who changed what and when and where (Note: Some EHR are better than others at this, but a few lawsuits will get them all up to par on it).
The reality is that technology can take security and privacy to another level that we could have never dreamed. We can implement granular access controls that are hard and fast and monitored and audited. That’s a powerful part of the future of security and privacy in healthcare. Remember that many of the healthcare breaches come from people who have a username and password and not from some outside hacker.
A culture of security and privacy embraces the ability to track when and what happens to every piece of PHI in their organization. Plus, this culture has to be built into the procurement process, the implementation process, the training process, etc. Gone are the days of the chief security officer scapegoat. Technology is going to show very clearly who is responsible.
While I’ve described a rosy future built around a culture of privacy and security, I’m not naive. The future of healthcare security also includes a large number of organizations who continue to live a security life of “ignorance is bliss.” These people will pay lip service to privacy and security, but won’t actually address the culture change that’s needed to address privacy and security. They’ll continue the “Just Enough Culture of HIPAA Compliance.”
In the future we’ll have to be careful to not include one organization’s ignorance in a broad description of healthcare in general. A great example of this can be learned from the Sutter Health breach. In this incident, Sutter Health CPMC found the breach during a proactive audit of their EHR. Here’s the lesson learned from that breach:
The other lesson we need to take from this HIPAA breach notification is that we shouldn’t be so quick to judge an organization that proactively discovers a breach. If we’re too punitive with healthcare organizations that find and effectively address a breach like this, then organizations will stop finding and reporting these issues. We should want healthcare organizations that have a culture and privacy and security. Part of that culture is that they’re going to sometimes catch bad actors which they need to correct.
Healthcare IT software like EHRs have a great ability to track everything that’s done and they’re only going to get better at doing it. That’s a good thing and healthcare information security and privacy will benefit from it. We should encourage rather than ridicule organizations like CPMC for their proactive efforts to take care of the privacy of their patients’ information. I hope we see more organizations like Sutter Health who take a proactive approach to the security and privacy of healthcare information.
In fact the title of the blog post linked above is a warning for the future of healthcare IT: “Will Hospitals Be At Risk for HIPAA Audits If They Don’t Have HIPAA Violations?”
Security and privacy will be part of the fabric of everything we do in healthcare IT. We can’t ignore them. In order for patients to trust these healthcare apps, security will have to be a feature. Those in healthcare IT that don’t include security as a feature will be on shaky ground.